Pros and Cons of Programming Languages


The most common question asked in the developers’ community is, which programming language you work on? And the answer is different for everyone. Programmers have a deep connection with the programming languages and they have prioritized the list in which the top one is their favorite for some reasons. With the advent of adverse programming languages, it is difficult to determine the edge of a particular one over another’s scope. Sometimes, a programming language that you start with is your ultimate choice and sometimes it varies with respect to the project or field for which you employed in your career.

Regardless, there are some pros and cons of high-level programming languages when it practically comes to software program development. As a beginner in software development or in professional life, it is crucial to identify which programming languages could be best for you. Though it varies with the particular project or platform you will be working on but there are some key factors and KPIs associated with the identification of suitable programming languages. The debate is real in the community of developers that ultimately depends on one’s experience with that programming language.

In this article, we will be conducting a detailed analysis of the pros and cons of common programming languages. First, let us go through the high-level programming languages that are used widely across the globe that could answer your question, Which programming language is right for me?’


Java is a high-level programming language used at an industrial level in many organizations. It is widely used for the development of enterprise-level web apps. It is an object-oriented language that is simplified enough to eliminate such language features that tend to cause some common programming errors. Java is a general-purpose programming language that streamlines the use of the World Wide Web due to its potential features. Due to its stability, many enterprises use it practically for software development, precisely mobile app development. However, it is more tricky as compared to other programming languages.


It is also a widely adopted programming language that is free-form. It is typed statically and acts as a general-purpose programming language. However, it is categorized as the middle-level language due to its combination of features that correspond to both the high and low-level language features. C++ offers very fast execution of the software programs. It is a multi-device language that developers can use in multi-platform for the purpose of app development. One of the major advantages of C++ is that beginners can start with it for easy understanding of the programming concepts.


If we talk about the scope of programming languages, Python stands out first in the list. It is robust and easy to deploy due to which it is used to build high-scale web applications. Due to its potential library support, a community of developers prefers working with Python. It is the fastest-growing programming language in the world. Python enhances the readability of code and supports the scalability of multiple platforms and systems.

Visual basic .Net

It is an object-oriented programming language. .Net is easy for developers to program due to its user-friendly features and capabilities. The framework of .Net allows programmers to access the preprogrammed code anytime that can be used to fulfill certain programming needs very efficiently.


It is a general-purpose and dynamic object-oriented programming language. Its features are easy to learn and implement for programmers. Due to the diverse paradigms supported by Ruby, it is praised in the programming world. Ruby on Rails is an open-source framework for the development of databases for web applications. It simplifies the performance of the software program and considered ten times more efficient than the java framework. The small snippets of code make software highly efficient, easy to learn, and ultimately mitigate the risks of code errors and bugs.


Hypertext Preprocessor is also a common web scripting programming language that facilitates the development of web pages in a seamless manner. PHP can be embedded in the HTML code that the PHP processor module interprets and assist in operating system operations. Today, the advanced web servers are composed of processors made of PHP programming language.

Criteria – Pros and Cons of Programming Language

The advantages and disadvantages of programming languages can be determined based on some KPIs that serve as an environment for the developer’s community to program seamlessly. Some of them are:

Default Security

From the default security perspective, Java and .NET provide enhanced security to the high-scale software applications due to their garbage collector. On the other hand, Ruby lacks some security high-end security features.

Web Applications Development

For the development of web applications, the most preferred programming languages are Ruby On Rails and PHP. Due to their enhanced scalability and performance factors, they are praised more for web application development. C++ is also employed but when the performance factors need to be enhanced more.

Web Design and Composition

PHP supports enhanced web design and composition aspects. An in-built web service, SOAP in PHP helps establish leading designs and compositions for web applications. Other than this, Ruby, Java, and C++ provide XML support, framework, and APIs for the web services.


When it comes to the identification and implementation through object-oriented programming languages, Ruby, Java, .NET, and C++ are prominent. The abstraction provides high scalability and efficiency in software development. The macros in Java support enhanced functionality and performance efficiency in the applications.

Reflective Programming

Access to both the static and dynamic software information is possible with the .NET programming language. There are some other programming languages that are gaining ground in reflective programming. For instance, these include AspectJ, Scala, Perl, and Scheme.

Functional Programming

C++ and Ruby support functional programming. VB.NET also supports it through lambda calculus however it does not support lazy evaluation.

Declarative Programming

For declarative programming, interpreters, frameworks, and extensions are required. The programming languages have their own interpreters that support declarative programming. For instance, Ruby, C++, Scala, Scheme use interpreters and are good options for this kind of programming.

UI Prototype Design

Ruby,, and Perl support enhanced GUI designs in their libraries. These provide frameworks for effective designing and GUI requirements. C++ also provides GUI support with its interpreters.

How FiveRivers Technologies Serves You?

This comprehensive analysis of some common programming languages helps you identify which programming language can do everything for you. Based on the functional and non-functional requirements of your software applications you are going to build, you can identify the programming languages that can seamlessly serve the purpose. The analysis shows that every programming language has its own advantages and disadvantages, it is crucial to determine that one that gives you a customized solution to the problem you are going to solve.

We at FiveRivers Technologies are working on all programming languages that ensure a competitive edge and align well with the needs of the software program as well as their scope in the digital environment. From software development to software quality assurance and UI/UX designing to Data Science projects, our professionals take an advanced approach to give the best possible software development services.

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